Sujatha N


Ph.D., Doctor of Philosophy – Nanyang Technological University, Singapore(2005 - April/May).

B.Tech., Bachelor of Technology Calicut University, India (2000 April).



 Research Interest

  • Applications of optical spectroscopic techniques for in-vivo detection of tissue anatomy and physiology
  • Non destructive imaging of tissue using laser speckle techniques
  • Bio-optical signal / image processing
  • Miniaturized optical instrumentation for clinical applications
  • Modeling of light tissue interaction

 Office Location

   MSB 207C , Department of Applied Mechanics & Biomedical Engineering,Biomedical engineering laboratory,
   IIT Madras, Chennai - 600036.
   Office: +91 44 2257 4067

 August 2018 – Present


  Department of Applied Mechanics : Biomedical Engineering Group – Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.

 July 2013 - 2018

  Associate Professor

  Department of Applied Mechanics : Biomedical Engineering Group – Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.

 April 2014 - May 2015

  Visiting Associate Professor

  School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering – NTU, Singapore.

 August 2006 - July 2013

  Assistant Professor

  Department of Applied Mechanics : Biomedical Engineering Group – Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India.

 Biophotonics Lab


  • Beam divergence and surface curvature effects in speckle metrology- Recent Developments by Murukeshan VM and N. Sujatha, Chapter 21 (pages: 391-403) in New directions in Holography and Speckle, edited by H. John Caulfield and Chandra S. Vikram, American Scientific Publishers, ISBN: 978-1588831019
  • Computational signal processing and analysis, Select Proceedings of ICNETS2, Volume I, Nandi, A.K., Sujatha, N., Menaka, R., Alex, J.S.R. (Eds.), Springer, ISBN 978-981-10-8354-9, 2018.
  • Endoscopic diagnostics in Biomedicine: Instrumentation and Applications, N. Sujatha, Momentum Press, New York, 2019, ISBN: 9781606509913.


  • Bala Nivetha Kanakaraj, Sujatha Narayanan Unni (2018), “Model-based quantitative optical biopsy in multilayer in-vitro soft tissue models for whole field assessment of nonmelanoma skin cancer,” Journal of Medical Imaging, 5(1), 014506 (2018), doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.5.1.014506.
  • Adeeba Fathima, Mahima Sharma B.S., Sujatha, N. (2018), "Selective sensitivity of Mueller imaging for tissue scattering over absorption changes in cancer mimicking phantoms", Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Volume 102, Pages 112-118, ISSN 0143-8166,
  • K. Bala Nivetha and Sujatha, N (2017), “Development of thin skin mimicking bilayer solid tissue phantoms for optical spectroscopic studies” Journal of Biomedical Optics Express, 8 (7), 3198-3212.
  • Michael Raju and Sujatha Narayanan Unni (2017) Concentration-dependent correlated scattering properties of Intralipid 20% dilutions” Applied Optics, 56(4):1157-1166.
  • K. Udayakumar, N. Sujatha and A. R. Ganesan (2017), “Quantitative assessment of soft tissue deformation using digital speckle pattern interferometry: studies on phantom breast models” Journal of Medical Imaging, 4(1), 016001-016009.
  • N. Sujatha, B. S. Suresh Anand, K. BalaNivetha, V. B. Narayana Murthy, S. Sheshadri and Richa Podda (2015), "Assessment of microcirculatory hemoglobin levels in normal and diabetic subjects using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: a pilot study", Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 82 (3),pp.432-437.
  • C. Lal and N. Sujatha (2015), Correlation analysis of laser Doppler flowmetry signals- a potential non-invasive tool to assess microcirculatory changes in diabetes mellitus, Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 53, 557-566.
  • S. Suresh Anand and N. Sujatha (2013), "Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy for monitoring diabetic foot ulcer-A pilot study", Optics and Lasers in Engineering 53, pp. 1-5 (Available online:
  • Cerine Lal, A. Banerjee and N. Sujatha (2013),"Role of contrast and fractality of laser speckle image in assessing flow velocity and scatterer concentration in phantom body fluids", Journal of Biomedical Optics ,18 (11), pp. (111419-1)- (111419-7).
  •  B.S. Suresh Anand and N. Sujatha (2013), Fluorescence quenching effects of hemoglobin on simulated tissue phantoms in the UV-Vis range, Measurement Science and Technology, 23,025502-1 - 025502-6.
  • B. S. Suresh Anand and N. Sujatha (2011), "Effects of Intralipid-10% in fluorescence distortion studies on liquid tissue phantoms in UV range", Journal of Biophotonics, 4 (1-2),92-97.
  • K. Jayanthy, N, Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2011) "Laser speckle contrast imaging for analyzing static scatterer concentration in body fluids", Optics and lasers in Engineering, Vol. 49, pp. 553-556.
  • K. Jayanthy, N, Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2011), "Measuring Blood flow: techniques and applications: A review", International journal of research and review in applied sciences, Vol. 6, pp.203-216.
  • Murukeshan, V. M., >Sujatha, N., Ong, L. S., Sing. A. and Seah, L. K. (2007), "Effect of image fiber on speckle fringe pattern in image fiber guided DSPI endoscopy", Optics and Laser Technology, 39 (3), pp. 527-531.
  • Murukeshan, V. M. and Sujatha, N. Unni (2007), "All fiber optic based multi-speckle modality endoscopic system for imaging medical cavities", Review of Scientific Instruments, 78 (5), pp. 053106-1 to 053106-8.
  • Sujatha N., Murukeshan, V. M., Rajendran, S., Ong, L. S., and Seah, L. K., (2005),"Non-destructive inspection of inner surfaces of technical cavities using digital speckle shearography. Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation", 20 (1), pp. 25-34.
  • Sujatha N, Murukeshan V. M and Ganesan A. R., (2005), "Effect of illumination beam divergence in DSPI fringe formation", Journal of Holography and Speckle", 2 (1), pp. 20-25.
  • Murukeshan V. M., N. Sujatha (2005) Integrated simultaneous dual-modality imaging endospeckle fluoroscope system for early colon cancer diagnosis", Optical Engineering Letters, 44(11), pp. 110501.1 - 110501.3
  • Murukeshan V. M., N. Sujatha (2004), "Digital speckle pattern interferometry for deformation analysis of inner surfaces of cylindrical specimens". Applied Optics, 43 (12), pp. 2400-2408.
  • Sujatha N., Murukeshan, and Ganesan, A. R. (2004), "Effect of in-plane sensitive component on speckle fringe formation on curved inner surfaces of engineering specimens", Journal of Holography and Speckle, 1 (2), pp. 63-68.
  • Sujatha N., and Murukeshan, V. M. (2004), "Non-destructive inspection of tissue/tissue like phantom curved surfaces using digital speckle shearography", Optical Engineering, 43(12), pp. 3055-3060.
  • Sujatha N., Murukeshan, V. M., Ong, L. S., and Seah, L. K. (2003), "An all fiber optic system modeling for the gastrointestinal endoscopy: design concepts and fluorescence analysis", Optics Communications, 219, pp. 71-79.

  • K. K. Srikarthikeyan, Sujatha Narayanan Unni, Sujatha Narayanan Unni, "Quantitative single-exposure laser speckle contrast imaging ", Proc. SPIE 10820, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics VIII, 108200Q (23 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2502071;
  • Vivek Sivakumar, Sujatha N., N. J. Vasa, “Low cost laser induced breakdown spectroscopy technique for detection of microorganisms,” Proc. SPIE 10753, Ultrafast Nonlinear Imaging and Spectroscopy VI, 1075313 (3 September 2018); doi:10.1117/12.2322980
  • Sujatha N., Vysakh Vasudevan; Kavyakantha R.S., “Spatially resolved diffuse optical correlation spectroscopy (SR-DOCS) for quantitative assessment of skin tissue perfusion matrix,” Proc. SPIE 10685, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care VI, 1068525 (17 May 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2307055.
  • Vysakh V., N. Sujatha (2018), “Light-tissue interaction modelling using COMSOL Multiphysics for multi-layered skin tissues,” COMSOL Conference 2018, Bangalore, India.
  • B. S. M. Sharma and N. Sujatha, "Assessment of skin fibrosis using Mueller matrix polarimetry," 2018 3rd International Conference on Microwave and Photonics (ICMAP), Dhanbad, 2018, pp. 1-2, doi: 10.1109/ICMAP.2018.8354544
  • Pauline John, Nilesh Vasa, Sujatha N , and Suresh Rao (2016), "Frequency Domain Optical Coherence Tomography for Measurement of Aqueous Glucose Using Super Continuum Laser Source at Wavelengths 1.6 µm and 2.3 µm," in 13th International Conference on Fiber Optics and Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (online), Th3A.1.
  • Pauline John, Murali Manoj, N. Sujatha , N. J. Vasa and Suresh R Rao (2015), Aqueous glucose measurement using differential absorption-based frequency domain optical coherence tomography at wavelengths of 1310 nm and 1625 nm, Proc. SPIE 9537, Clinical and Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging IV, 95371, doi: 10.1117/12.2183830
  • K. Udayakumar and N. Sujatha (2015), "Estimation of stress relaxation time for normal and abnormal breast phantoms using optical technique", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9302, doi:10.1117/12.2081036.
  • N. Sujatha and Arnab Banerjee (2015), "An experimental model for minimizing errors in laser speckle contrast imaging for microcirculation analysis", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9302, doi:10.1117/12.2077477.
  • Michael Raju and N. Sujatha (2015), "Diffuse reflectance based inverse Monte Carlo model for the estimation of the dependent scattering of the Intralipid 20% using a simplified two fiber oblique geometry set up" Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9325, doi: 10.1117/12.2079203.
  • Suresh Anand and N. Sujatha (2015), "Effects of scattering and absorbing medium in the fluorescence conversion efficiency of the physical tissue models", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9325, doi: 10.1117/12.2078870.
  • K. Udayakumar, N. Sujatha and A. R. Ganesan (2015), "Digital speckle pattern interferometry based anomaly detection in breast mimicking phantoms-a pilot study" Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9417, doi: 10.1117/12.2081594.
  • K. BalaNivetha and N. Sujatha (2015), "Fiber based in vivo imaging of epithelial FAD fluorescence: experiments and simulations" Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9417, doi:10.1117/12.208056
  • K. Jayanthy, N. Sujatha, M. Ramasubba Reddy and V. B. Narayanamoorthy (2014), "Non-invasive blood flow assessment in diabetic foot ulcer using laser speckle contrast imaging technique", Proc. SPIE 8952, Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VIII, 89521D (March 4, 2014); doi:10.1117/12.2041874.
  • N. Sujatha, K. BalaNivetha and Akshay Singhal (2014), "Optimal source to detector separation for extracting sub-dermal chromophores in fiber optic diffuse reflectance spectroscopy: a simulation study" Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 9129, doi:10.1117/12.2048869.
  • K. BalaNivetha and N. Sujatha (2014) "Understanding the role of hemoglobin in altering multi-layered tissue intrinsic fluorescence in visible region using fiber optics", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9098, doi: 10.1117/12.2053634.
  • R. Sivakumar, N. Sujatha (2014), "Laser based tomographic system for visualization and characterization of tissue optical phantoms, Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Communications, Signal Processing and Computers, ISBN: 978-1-61804-215-6.
  • N. Sujatha and Cerine Lal (2012), Laser based signal and image fractal analysis for assessment of blood flow, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 8427, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care III, 84272M (June 1, 2012); doi:10.1117/12.921743.
  • Bala Nivetha K, and N. Sujatha (2012), Assessment of surface roughness based on laser Image autocorrelation method, Proceedings of international conference on biomedical signals, systems and imaging, IIT Madras, Nov 28-Dec 1.
  • Cerine Lal, Arnab Banerjee and N. Sujatha (2012), Fractality Vs Contrast of laser speckle image: A tool for assessing flow velocity and scatterer concentration in phantom body fluids, presented at 1st international meeting on Biophotonics, Tel Aviv, Israel Dec 9-11.
  • B. S. Suresh Anand, N. Sujatha, V. B. Narayana Murthy, V. Sheshadri and R. Poddar (2011) Clinical applications of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy in normal and prediabetic subjects - A pilot study. IEEE Proceedings on the Defence Science and Research Expo, Singapore, DOI:10.1109/DSR.2011.6026804.
  • N. Sujatha, A. K. Jayanthy and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2011) Laser speckle contrast imaging for assessing flow velocities and scatterer concentration in capillary phantoms, IEEE Proceedings on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe conference, Munich, DOI: 10.1109/CLEOE.2011.5943311.
  • K. Jayanthy, N. Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2011) Laser speckle contrast imaging for perfusion monitoring in burn tissue phantoms, International federation of medical and biological engineering (IFMBE) proceedings, 35, pp. 443-446, Springer, ISBN 978-3-642-21729-6.
  • K. Jayanthy, N. Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2011), Non invasive capillary blood flow measurement: Laser speckle and Laser Doppler, Proceedings of International Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedical Engineering (ICBCBBE), Paris, pp. 1214-1219.
  • S. Gayathri and N. Sujatha (2011) Fractal dimension characterization of in vivo laser Doppler flowmetry signals, Physics Proceedia Vol. 19, pp. 49-54.
  • N. Sujatha, B.S. Suresh Anand, A. K. Jayanthy, V. B. Narayana Murthy, Sheshadri and Richa Poddar (2011), Non invasive assessment of tissue oxygenation and blood flow as a tool for staging diabetes, AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1391 DOI:
  • K. Jayanthy, N. Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2010) "Laser speckle contrast imaging based blood flow analysis in normals and in patients with skin diseases", Proceedings of ICCESS, WASET 69, Singapore.
  • S. Sajitha and N. Sujatha (2010) "Vocal dose measurements and its potential applications", Proceedings of National Systems Conference, Dec 10-12, NIT Suratkal.
  • K. Jaynathy, N, Sujatha and M. Ramasubba Reddy (2009) "Laser speckle contrast imaging for analyzing static scatterer concentration in body fluids", Proceedings of International Conference on Optics and Photonics, C1.5.
  • Sujatha, N., and Murukeshan, V. M. (2004) A dual mode imaging fiberscope system for colon cancer diagnosis,Proceedings of International Conference on Optics and Photonics Cochin, Kerala, pp. 13.
  • Sujatha, N., Murukeshan, V. M., Ong, L. S., and Seah, L. K. (2004) Application of Digital speckle shearography for NDT of inner curved surfaces of tissue/tissue-like phantoms, presented at International Conference, Optics ad photonics in technology frontier , Tokyo, Japan, 12-15 July.
  • S. Suresh Anand and N. Sujatha (2010), "Quantification of tissue oxygenation levels using diffuse reflectance spectroscopy", Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 8173, DOI:10.1117/12.897811.
  • Murukeshan, V. M., Sujatha, N., Seah, L. K., and Ong, L. S. (2005) An all fiber optic endoscope probe distal end for disease diagnosis in body cavities, Proceedings of SPIE, 5651, pp. 321-331.
  • Murukeshan, V. M., Sujatha, N., Ong, L. S. and Seah L. K. (2005) A flexible endoscope system for dual mode intracavity investigations, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 5686, pp.353-359.
  • Murukeshan, V. M., Sujatha, N., Ong, L. S., Seah, L. K. (2003). Imaging considerations in fiber optic endoscopy system for the gastrointestinal endoscopy. Proceedings of SPIE, 5143, pp.170-180.

  • Simultaneous real-time measurement of tissue blood flow and oxygenation for disease diagnosis (IITM) 0.5M, Completed)
  • Studies on a scanning probe based fluorescence imaging system for quantification of biomarkers in multilayered tissue phantoms (DST, 1.35M, Completed)
  • Investigation on collagen content change and skin thickening in sclerodermic patients using optical spectrosocopy (DST, 4 M, Completed)
  • Non-invasive transdermal collagen and perfusion sensor for cosmetic and diagnostic applications (DST, 4.4 M, ongoing)
  • An automated digital staining machine for immediate detection of cancerous cells and its extent for usage during perioperative tumour removal(ICMR, 1.4M, ongoing)
  • Development of a smart nanokit forrapid, automated and ultrasensitive detection of pesticide traces in agricultural samples (DST, 4M, ongoing, in collaboration with PU)


  • A. K. Jayanthy, Assessment of capillary blood flow variations in normal and diseased real / phantom tissues using laser speckle contrast imaging technique (Degree awarded July 2012, Post PhD position: Faculty, SRM University, Chennai)
  • B. S. Suresh Anand, Studies on factors affecting quantification of biomarkers of turbid media using optical spectroscopy (Degree awarded July 2013, Post PhD position: Post doctoral scholar, LENS, Italy)
  • K. Udayakumar, Early detection of soft tissue anomalies using optical interferometric techniques (Degree awarded July 2018, Post PhD position: Postdoctoral Scholar Employee at University of Alabama at Birmingham)
  • K. BalaNivetha, Depth resolved tissue fluorescence imaging (Degree awarded July 2018,Post PhD position: Innovator research fellow, ETH Zurich)
  • Pauline John, Optical Coherence Tomography for non invasive glucose detection (co-guidance with Prof. Nilesh Vasa, Engineering Design, Degree awarded 2019, Post PhD position: Post doctoral fellow, School of SCBE, NTU Singapore)
  • Vivek, S, Novel optical probing techniques for disease detection from body fluids and tissues(Ongoing)
  • Mahima Sharma B. S., Novel optical polarimetry based diagnostic systems for biomedical applications (ongoing)
  • Vysakh V., Diffuse optical tomographic systems for tissue structural and functional imaging(ongoing)
  • Priya Krishnamurthy, Diffuse optical imaging for subsurface tissue characterization (ongoing)
  • Subitcha J., Design and implementation of multimodal optical imaging system for biomedical applications (ongoing)
  • N. Brahmaiah. New generation capsule endoscopic instrumentation, (ongoing)
  • Deepak Bajhaiah, Development novel endoscopic devices and image processing for efficient tissue classification (ongoing)
  • R. Janaki, Optical polarimetry image processing for diagnostic applications (ongoing)


  • Cerine Lal: Fractal based optical image and signal processing for biomedical applications(Completed, July 2014, Post MS position: Ph. D. scholar,National University of Ireland, Galway)
  • Michael Raju, Quantification of optical scattering in non-tenuous media (completed, 2016, Post MS position: Ph. D. scholar, Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Ireland)
  • Adeeba Fathima, Selective optical characterization of biological tissues during malignancy using Mueller polarimetry (completed, 2016, Post MS position: Ph. D. scholar, BCUBE Center for molecular bioengineering, TU Dresden, Germany)
  • Srikarthikeyan K K,, Laser speckle imaging systems for blood flow imaging with improved sensitivity(Degree Awarded 2019, Post MS position: Senior Engineer, Mahindra Research Valley, Chennai)
  • Anoosha Venkatraman Hegde, Laser speckle image analysis for assessing multiple parameters of perfusion (ongoing)
  • Saloni Jain, Diffuse signal analysis for applications in optical biopsy (ongoing)

 M Tech / Dual Degree

  • A. Bama (M Tech): Optimal source design for pulse plethysmography (2008, Completed)
  • B. Rajasekharan (M Tech): Flow cytometry for identification of leukemic cells (2009, Completed)
  • S. Sajitha (M Tech): Speech recognition module for vocally challenged kids (2010, Completed)
  • D. Anudeep (Dual Degree): Non destructive evaluation of human tooth using speckle shearography (2012, Completed)
  • R. Sivakumar (M Tech): Laser transmission tomography system for characterization of optical tissue phantoms (2012, Completed)
  • Pavan Kumar Holla (Dual Degree, co-guidance with Prof. Srinivas Chakravarthy, Dept of Biotechnology): Learning sequences using flip flop neurons (2012, Completed)
  • Akshay Singhal (Dual Degree): Depth sensitivity in diffuse reflectance spectroscopy using fiber optic sensor (2013, Completed)
  • C. Deekshit Kumar (Dual Degree): Simulation analysis of ESPI for microdeformation measurement (2013, Completed)
  • Arnab Banerjee (M Tech): Quantitative laser speckle contrast imaging (2013, Completed)
  • Rahul Jayaprakash (Dual Degree): Quantification of tissue constituents using chemometrics (2013, Completed)
  • M. Sirosh (Dual Degree): Retinal image processing for novel biomedical applications (2014,Completed)
  • Kiran Phillip Issac(M Tech): Fiber optic probe design for morphological analysis of multilayered tissue phantoms for diffuse reflectance spectroscopic studies(2014,Completed)
  • Aditya Bharadwaj(Dual Degree,co-guidance with Prof.Shanthi Bhattacharya,Dept of EEE): Design and construction of a low cost and compact optical coherence tomography system(2015,Completed)
  • Favas, M. P.(Dual degree): Development of an indigenous laser Doppler imaging system (2016, completed)
  • Arun Shaly (Dual Degree): Diffuse correlation spectroscopy for monitoring blood flow (2017, completed)
  • Karthikeya Viswanath (Dual Degree) Design and calibration of a Mueller matrix polarimeter (2017, completed)
  • Kavyakantha R S (Dual Degree) Model based quatitative estimation of melanosome fraction in skin for vitiligo assessment (2018, Completed)
  • Krishnapriya Venugopal (M Tech) Assessment of Cerebral Hemodynamics using Laser Speckle Image Analysis during Neurosurgical Procedures (2018, Completed)
  • Twinkal Patel (M Tech) CS-Sense next steps: Accelerating scans with intelligent K space predictors (2019, Completed, Intenship with Philips Bangalore)
  • Yathest Dadhich (M Tech) Development of a Low Cost Hyper-Spectral Imaging System for Optical Biopsy Applications (2020, Completed)
  • Roshni Shetty (Interdisciplinary Dual degree BME) Laser speckle image analysis for bacterial growth detection (ongoing)

 Prospective Students

  About the lab

  Biophotonics lab focus is on developing non-invasive tools for disease diagnosis based optical principles. This area is highly application oriented, at the      same time deeply involved in the basic sciences. Using physics of light-tissue interaction, we try to extract the chemical composition and architecture of      the target tissue to understand the biology of tissue transformation during the progression of diseases. We do simulations for optimal device design,              instrumentation and experimentation both at research and clinical application levels. Most projects involve large scale data analysis and interpretation         using machine learning / deep learning techniques. The focus is more on developing clinically viable non-invasive portable units for sensing the   physiological conditions in a convenient way. For more details, please visit our website / publications.

  Desired background

  Electrical and / or Electronics Engg., Mechanical Engg., Instrumentation Engg., Chemical Engg., Optical engineering, Basic sciences,     Biotechnology,Computer Science and Engg with keen interest in device development.

 Research Projects are available in the following areas

  • Intracavity perfusion imaging (Instrumentation and Image processing& analysis)
  • High speed imaging of tissue perfusion (Instrumentation and signal processing& analysis)
  • Light tissue interactions in realistic tissue models (in-vitro and in-silico) for diagnostic and therapeutic applications (Mathematical simulations) and validation using standard optical instruments (data collection and analysis)
  • Quick tissue analysis for pathology labs (instrumentation, image analysis and classification)
  • Development of biochemical sensors using optics (Instrumentation, basic sciences, and data analysis)
  • Optics in tissue structural and functional imaging: Development of in-vivo devices (Modeling, Instrumentation, and data analysis)

 List of Courses Taught

  • Measurements in mechanics(AM 5610)
  • Instrumentation Laboratory (AM 5900)
  • Biomedical Imaging systems (AM 5160)
  • Engineering Mechanics (AM 1100)
  • Biomedical instrumentation (AM 5140)
  • Biomechanics Laboratory (AM 5110)
  • Research Methodology, Dept Module (ID 6020)
  • Biomedical laser instrumentation (AM 5100)
  • Life Sciences (BT 1010)
  • Physiology for Engineers (AM 5119)